The Ultimate Guide For Acne Scars And Treatments
Acne Scar Removal Treatment Guide For Skin Rejuvenation
As you likely already know, acne is a horrific problem to deal with. Today, this specific skin condition impacts millions, if not billions, of people all around the world. Unfortunately, the problem doesn’t always disappear once the acne itself has healed. Instead, Acne can lead to long lasting scars that may stick around for the remainder of the patient’s life. Are you looking for the best acne scar removal treatment? In this guide, you will learn more about scarring and potential treatments.
Different Types Of Acne Scars
While many people are familiar with acne scars, they are familiar with the different types. Each type of acne scar is unique in appearance and fall within two different categories, atrophic and hypertrophic, based on tissue loss. These categories are then split into four different categories including boxcar, rolling and icepick.
Atrophic Acne Scars
Atrophic acne scars are characterized as sunken areas in the skin. These permanent scars are associated with low production of collagen, which leaves the skin vulnerable in people with acne vulgaris. In most cases the collagen fibers of the skin are lost forever, which is a permanent imperfection. Hypertrophic scars are raised, whereas atrophic scars are sunken, so it is easy to differentiate between the two.
Hypertrophic Acne Scars
Hypertrophic acne scars are also known as keloids and characterized by raised, dense scars on the skin. The scars are much thicker than the area of skin that surrounds the scar, giving it a raised and firm texture. This type of acne scar is the result of an overproduction of collagen that occurs during the healing process. So, the difference in the atrophic and hypertrophic is the level of collagen production. The term “hyper” means overactive, which basically means the collagen, is being overproduced in an attempt to heal the acne wound.
Ice Pick Acne Scars
Narrow, deep scars that reach deep into the dermis are classified as ice pick acne scars. The dermis is the second layer of skin that contains the sweat glands, nerve endings, blood capillaries and hair follicles, so all of these are affected by acne vulgaris. When you look closely at the ice pick scar, you will see a tiny “hole” embedded in the skin. However, it is not unusual to see a larger sized hole, depending on the size of the scar.
Ice pick scars originate from an infection from an inflamed blemish or cyst. The infection will begin deep within the dermis and eventually work its way to the surface. By the time the infection reaches the surface, it has already destroyed the skin tissue and in turn will leave a permanent scar.
Box Car Acne Scar
The boxcar acne scar is characterized by oval or round depressions with slightly steep vertical sides. Boxcar scars are different than ice pick scars, in that they are slightly wider in size and have a pitted appearance. Boxcar scars derive from an inflammatory breakout that destroys the collagen, causing tissue loss. When this occurs, the skin in that particular area is left without any type of support, this is why the depressed area is formed. Boxcar scars range from superficial to very severe, based on the amount of tissue that is lost.
Rolling Acne Scars
Rolling acne scars are just that rolling and it is not unusual for a dermatologist to describe the appearance as “wave-like.” The scar has a ripple appearance across skin that otherwise normal-looking. Rolling scars originate from when fibrous bands of tissue form between the subcutaneous tissue and skin.
Acne Scar Removal Treatment List
There is no doubt that acne scars can be difficult to eradicate. Nevertheless, there are some effective treatments that can diminish the visibility of these scars. There are even acne scar dermal fillers that have proven to be effective time and again. Alternatively, some patients may opt for surgery, while others will attempt to rectify the problem on their own. For your consideration, some of the best acne scar treatments will be explored in greater detail below.
Acne Scar Dermal Fillers
Dermal fillers are injectable implants. They’re commonly used to conceal the most common signs of aging. However, they can also be effective for combating acne scarring. Dermal fillers are very effective, but often times, the patient will need to receive several injections to achieve and maintain the desirable results. This is the case, because dermal fillers are usually only temporary. Some forms will last for several months, while others can last for a year or longer.
Just remember that acne scar dermal fillers generally require a prescription to obtain. Therefore, you will need to visit a doctor before you can get treated in this manner.
Acne Scar Removal Treatment Surgery
Many patients will be interested in a longer lasting remedy. If you’re willing to go under the knife, you should strongly consider opting for an effective acne scar surgery. There are several different surgeries that can be effective for this purpose. They’ll be explored in greater depth below.
Dermabrasion is a very invasive surgical procedure, which involves the use of a wire brush to remove the skin’s upper layers. This specific procedure is generally safe, but it will cause injuries to the skin and usually results in bleeding. After the top layer of skin has been removed, new skin will replace it. It is possible for the medical professional to change the depth of the layer removed by changing the brush and applying a specific amount of pressure.
Usually, it will take anywhere from 5 to 8 days for the new skin to grow. It will appear pink or red in hue. That color will dissipate after a period of 6 to 12 weeks. Makeup can be used to hide the skin tone, until it has returned to normal. If you experience no pain, you can return to normal activities after the treatment has concluded.
Excision is considered to be one of the best tools for acne scar revision. In fact, it is believed that many scars will benefit most from this specific form of treatment. However, it should be known that the results will depend on several factors, including location, genetics, and the severity of the scar. After the procedure has been completed, it is vital to keep tension off of the excision. This is crucial during the first two weeks.
If the scar is not take care of properly, there is a chance that it will reopen. In return, this will make the scar appear worse than it did initially. Nevertheless, the risks are minimal and most people experience great results from this technique.
Punch Replacement Graft
The punch replacement graft is a unique surgical procedure, which is commonly recommended for the treatment of deep ice pick scars. During this procedure, the doctor will use a small instrument to create a hole in the skin. Then, the scar will be removed and it’ll be replaced with a plug of new skin. Usually, the skin plugs will come from behind the patient’s ear lobe. The plugs will normally be taped in place for approximately a week to stimulate healing.
While this can create a new scar, it will be far less noticeable and much smoother than the original scar. However, there is a possibility that the skin’s texture and color will look different. If this is the case, skin resurfacing can be used after four to six weeks to correct this issue. The risks associated with punch replacement graft are minimal. The risks include infection and excessive bleeding. Both are very rare.
Acne Scar Removal Treatment DIY (Do It Yourself)
Most people are living on a strict budget, leaving them with little option but to treat their acne scars with home treatments. All medical treatments performed in a hospital or clinic setting are classified as an elective procedure. These types of procedures are not covered by health care insurance, forcing people to have to pay out-of-pocket.
Acne laser kits are generally affordable and can be utilized in a home setting. However, it is important to note that this form of laser therapy will not be as powerful as those utilized in a doctor’s office setting. However, all laser therapies work in a similar manner, but the dermatologist’s laser machine will be much more powerful than those included in an at-home kit.
The laser works by utilizing destructive power that is targeted at a specific acne scar. The laser beam will break up the collagen fibers that are responsible for the discoloration and scaring. Light therapies utilized a low-intensity LED light to decrease the acne, by destroying the bacteria.
Micro Needling Or Dermarolling
Micro needling is a process that uses small needles to puncture tiny holes into the skin. In return, this helps to encourage the skin to naturally repair and heal itself. This can also promote the production of elastin and collagen. It is believed that micro needling can be very effective for the treatment of softened scars. However, some people are not a fan of needles. Plus, this technique can create a little bit of pain. Still, it works for a lot of patients and is well worth trying out.
Chemical peels have been used to rectify acne scars for a significant period of time. Today, a lot of experts recommend using TCA peels for the reduction of acne scars. The good thing about TCA Cross chemical peels is the fact that they can be used safely on all types of skin. When used correctly, TCA cross peels can be very effective for treating acne scars. In fact, many experts believe that TCA cross is the most effective treatment for deeper scars.
Just remember that some scars can be difficult to treat with all methods. Simultaneously, the TCA cross chemical peel will not treat the entire face. Instead, it should focus on specific scars and portions of the skin.
Acne Scar Creams
There is an abundance of creams that claim to be able to reduce the visibility of acne scars. Some of the most popular include Mederma, Clearasil and Revitol Scar Removal Cream. Mederma is also very popular for diminishing unsightly stretch marks. These creams are somewhat expensive, but they have proven to be effective for many patients. In order to find a cream that works for you, it is vital to experiment with different products.
Many people swear that essential oils can be a very effective acne scar removal treatment. Some of the most popular include Sandalwood, Rosewood, Geranium, and Lavender essential oils. The easiest way to use these oils is to simply apply a few drops to the skin. Generally, the oil should be applied at least once a day. Those that support these methods suggest that they’re able to see results within a few weeks to a month, with consistent treatment.
The good news is that the risks associated with using essential oils are basically nonexistent.