Contraceptives Options And Different Types Including Their Effectiveness


Contraceptives Options And Different Types Including Their Effectiveness

Whether you’re a man or woman, there is a good chance that you’ve heard of contraceptives. These products are specifically designed to protect the user during intercourse. They can also help to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. Thanks to numerous advancements in medicine and technology, there are now more contraceptives than ever before. Of course, they’re not all equal. Some are more effective and convenient than others. Below, you’ll learn about contraceptives options and the various types.

contraceptives options

The Basic Definition Of Contraception

While there is an abundance of different contraceptives options, they basically serve the same purpose. Contraception or birth control is designed to prevent a pregnancy. These products will actually interfere with the natural ovulation, implantation or fertilization process. The specific functionality of the contraceptive truly depends on the type that you’re talking about. As mentioned above, the effectiveness depends on the product in question. Some of the most common types of contraception devices and medications can be found below.

  • Birth control pills
  • Diaphragm
  • IUDs
  • Norplant
  • Spermicides
  • Vasectomy
  • Condoms
  • Depo Provera
  • Tubal Sterilization

While the effectiveness varies, most of these products will prove to be very reliable. Most have an effectiveness rating of 90% of higher.

Understanding The Latest Contraceptive Mandate

As with anything controlled by the federal government, the American healthcare system has been erratic as of late. Various changes have altered the system substantially. With the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a mandate was put in place to ensure female contraceptive coverage was made available to all workers. There are some exceptions. First and foremost, the mandate only impacts new insurance plans that went into effect after August of 2012.

Simultaneously, churches and other religious organizations are usually able to acquire an exception. Male contraceptives are not covered under the plan. In May of 2015, the federal government confirmed that insurance plans needed to cover at least one contraceptive of the 18 approved by the FDA.

Contraceptive Failure Rate

Many women and men mistakenly believe that contraceptives options are always effective. This couldn’t be further from the truth. The precise birth control effectiveness can actually vary widely. In fact, it is usually true that your contraception of choice and how you use it will impact its effectiveness. The IUD is actually one of the most effective forms of birth control. This remains true when it is used as an emergency contraceptive. Research studies have concluded that the failure rate for IUDs when used in an emergency is less than one percent. In other words, less than one woman in one hundred will get pregnant after using an IUD in an emergency.

When it comes to the morning after pill, the failure rates were a little higher. A 2010 study analyzed the effectiveness of levonorgestrel and ulipristal acetate for emergency situations. Out of the 1,714 women that took ulipristal acetate, 22 ended up pregnant. 1,731 women consumed levonorgestrel after having unprotected sex. 38 became pregnant. Remember that vomiting after taking one of these pills can reduce its effectiveness.

If you vomit within two or three hours after consuming a morning after pill, you may need to take another dose or switch to an IUD. Seek out medical advice for better recommendations.

Common Contraceptive Pill Side Effects

Birth control pills are considered to be a form of hormonal contraception. When consumed by mouth, it is believed that these pills can be 99.9% effective. However, it is vital to realize that these pills will not protect the user or their partner from sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms are far more effective for this precise purpose. While contraception pills are very effective, they also come with a handful of side effects. They’ll be listed below for your convenience.

  • Feeling sick to your stomach
  • Noticeable weight gain
  • Swelling of the breasts
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    Sore and tender breasts
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    Spotting in between periods
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    Mood swings

The aforementioned side effects are generally mild, but common. There are a few other side effects that may be experienced when taking contraceptive pills. The more startling side effects are less common.

  • Stomach pain
  • Severe headaches
  • Blurred vision and other eye problems
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    Chest pain
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    Swelling and aching in the thighs and legs

Some birth control pills have also been linked to a higher risk of blood clots. The risks are minute, but you should still familiarize yourself with all possible side effects, before taking birth control pills.

Taking A Contraceptive Pill After Sex

Most birth control pills are designed to be taken on a daily basis. However, there is a specific type of contraceptive that can be used immediately after unprotected sex. This type of pill is referred to as the morning after pill. These pills are capable of preventing the implantation of the fertilized egg found inside the uterus. They may also interfere with the fertilization process or inhibit ovulation. In general, it is best to take the pill at least 72 hours after having unprotected intercourse.

However, there is evidence that these pills may remain effective up to five days after unprotected sex. Just remember that the pills will be more effective when taken immediately after intercourse.

Oral Contraceptives Options Brands

When you begin scouring the market for oral contraceptives, you will quickly discover that your options are plentiful. While most pills are very effective, it is vital to remember that each brand is different to some degree. Some of the most common brands include Brevicon, Apri, Desogen, Levlite, Levora, and Ovcon. Additional brands of oral contraceptives can be found below.

  • Jenest 28
  • Estrostep 21
  • Micronor
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Make sure you carefully research each brand, so you can find the right one for your individualistic needs.

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Diaphragm Contraceptive

A diaphragm is a contraceptive device designed from soft silicone or latex. Its dome shape allows the device to fit over the cervix and seal against the vagina walls. The diaphragm is shallow and flexible, so it will not cause any pain during or after sex. Many gynecologists recommend utilizing the device with spermicide to increase its effectiveness. A spermicide is a gel or cream that eradicates the sperm and acts  by not allowing sperm to reach the eggs.

If the diaphragm is utilized properly and with spermicide, it is 94 percent effective. However, it is difficult to achieve perfection every time, so in the real world diaphragms are around 88 percent effective. This basically means that out of 100 women, 12 of them will get pregnant each year, while utilizing the diaphragm contraceptive.

To make the device more effective, you should go ahead and insert the diaphragm into the vagina prior to having sex. This should be done, even if you are aroused or not. Another key to preventing pregnancy, while utilizing the diaphragm is to make sure that it completely covers the cervix. The prescribing gynecologist or primary care physician will provide you with information about these contraceptive devices and show you exactly how to use them properly.

It is important to note that diaphragms do not prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. To protect yourself from STDs, you can utilize a condom along with the diaphragm, when having sex with your partner.

Contraceptive Technology

Contraceptives options have come a long way over the last few decades, thanks to modern design and technology. With innovative technology, scientists have been able to develop new contraceptive drugs and devices that are very effective in preventing pregnancy. These products are more suitable for today’s modern women, because they offer a lot of flexibility and convenience. With so many different contraceptive products on the market that are very effective, women can confidently make a choice.

For those who are forgetful, you can now choose a product that can be utilized on a spur-of-the-moment. Other contraceptive devices will offer long-term protection. These products are becoming extremely popular among young women who live a very active lifestyle.

Contraceptives Options For Men

When it comes to contraceptives for men, there are very few limited options that offer nearly 100 percent effectiveness. The condom is the most popular male contraceptive device, because it offers 99 percent effectiveness, as well as flexibility and convenience. Many men who are in a long-term relationship will rely on their partner to make this decision. However, it will be in your best interest to take matters into your hands. Condoms are very accessible, affordable and comfortable.

Another method that appears to work some men is pulling out. In order for this method to work, you must be able to control your actions. You have to pull before you ejaculate, which can be extremely difficult to control every time. This method is actually fairly effective in preventing pregnancy, if it is done correctly. It will work more effectively, when utilized with another form of contraceptive.

It is important to note that the pull out method does not prevent the spread of STDs. According to Planned Parenthood, the pull out method works about 94 percent of the time, if done correctly. This basically means that four women out of 100 will get pregnant each year.

Vasectomy is a great contraceptives options for someone who does not want to have children or make their family larger. This is a permanent method that prevents the release of sperm.

What You Need To Know About The Contraceptive Implant In Arm

Unwanted pregnancies are up all around the world, and this has a lot do with people not practicing safe sex. Of course, it is true that not all contraceptive methods are 100% effective all the time. However, with all the medical advances, most of these devices have grown to be at least 95% to 99% effective. In fact, there are some pretty amazing and innovative discoveries that have been made in the contraceptive market. Just look at the Nexplanon implant, formerly known as the Implanon implant.

This is a tiny little rod that is inserted into the skin in the upper arm. The rod is so small that once it is properly installed, no one will even notice that it has been implanted. The device prevents pregnancy by releasing a hormone that prevents your ovaries from releasing eggs. In addition to this, it also increases the thickness of the cervical mucus, which totally blocks any sperm from ever reaching your eggs in the first place.

Exploring The Benefits Of The Arm Implant

The innovative arm implant has been growing in popularity since its creation, and it really is easy to understand why once your look at all the benefits.

No daily pills

One of the biggest benefits that people are reaping from the arm implant is its incredibly easy to use application. Once it is installed, that is all there is to do. You don’t have to remember to take a pill every day, or worry about switching out a diaphragm. Once inserted, the implant lasts up to 4 years.

No embarrassing pickups

Going to the pharmacy and picking up contraceptives can be embarrassing and time consuming for some individuals, but this is something that you never have to worry about with this unique implant. Just get in inserted and completely forget about it for 4 years.

99% effective

Through in-depth and detailed testing procedures, the arm implant has been proven to be 99% effective at preventing pregnancies. Along with this, once the implant is out, you can go right to trying to conceive and should not encounter any problems caused by the device.

contraceptives options arm implant

Understanding That There Might Be Negative Side Effects

Just like all contraception devices and every type of medication on the market, there is a risk for negative side effects. Putting hormones into the body is no different here and therefore should be treated with caution. So of course, there is going to be a chance for side effects. For some women, these side effects aren’t a problem and usually go away, but for others the effects can be more severe. Some of the effects that you might encounter while wearing the device are listed below.

  1. Development of acne
  2. Highly irregular periods for the first 6 to 12 months
  3. Sex drive changes
  4. Depression 
  5. Headache
  6. Nausea
  7. Sore breasts
  8. Dizziness
  9. Ovarian cysts

If these side effects do not wean or go away after six months, it is imperative that you speak with your doctor about switching to a different from of contraceptive that might be safer for you.

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