Dandruff Hair Treatment For Tackling Flakes With Proven Remedies


Dandruff Hair Treatment For Tackling Flakes With Proven Remedies

Simply put, dandruff, which is also known as hair dermatitis in medical terms, refers to those dry, white tiny bits of skin that fall off from your scalp. They are dead skin cells and can usually be found on your shoulders or collar if you’re shedding excessively.

While it’s normal to shed around 500,000 cells/cm2, a case of dandruff is usually where the individual sheds significantly more than that. And although dandruff is absolutely harmless, it can lead to embarrassment, especially if it’s beyond that “acceptable” limit.

In fact, those “hair-conscious” people may avoid your company like the plague if you’re struggling to deal with your dandruff. It’s a little surprising though as dandruff is not contagious, although in some cases it may be a cause of fungi or yeasts on your scalp, which may spread from one person to another. Find the best dandruff hair treatment that actually works for a change.

dandruff hair treatment

Main Causes of Dandruff

Dandruff can be a result of a variety of factors. It’s important to understand these factors in order to avoid dandruff and also to treat it. Let us take a look at some of the most common ones below.

Scalp Dermatitis

Scalp dermatitis, more commonly known as seborrheic dermatitis of scalp, is a condition of the scalp which results in red patches, rashes and stubborn dandruff on your scalp. It usually resembles an allergic reaction, and in some cases, can even affect other areas of your body, particularly the oily ones such as your face, the area on the back of your ears and sides of your nose, upper chest and more.

Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss is also common in people suffering from the condition, though it’s usually not serious and can be treated relatively easily. However, dandruff, unfortunately, cannot be.

This is because this condition usually leads to the production of a fungus known as Malassezia on your scalp. Now though it simply feeds on the oils on the scalp, it can sometimes grow beyond a certain limit which will lead to irritation of your scalp and production of extra skin cells.

These skin cells will die and fall off surprisingly soon, which is exactly what we term as dandruff.

Dry Skin

Dandruff is one of the most common problems of dry skin. It leads to an itchy scalp which throws out small flakes of dandruff constantly.

Unlike dandruff caused due to some other conditions, though, the dandruff due to dry skin is not oily.

Skin Conditions

There are quite a few skin conditions that may lead to dandruff, such as eczema, psoriasis and some other similar disorders.


Those who are suffering from certain diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, are believed to be more prone to dandruff and dermatitis on the scalp.

Skin Care Products

There’s a reason experts recommend you to be very careful with all those skin care products out there. If they are not something your skin likes, it may lead to scalp irritation, which, in turn, causes dandruff.

In fact, many experts are of the opinion that even shampooing too often may lead to similar results, as it too may end up irritating your scalp.


Your diet probably has something to do with pretty much all issues you have with your health, and your scalp issues are no exception. If you’re not getting enough vitamins and other nutrients through your diet, you may end up being more likely to develop dandruff.


Many experts also believe that dandruff may be closely linked to stress in some cases.

How to Treat Dandruff Naturally?

Well, now that you’re aware of the causes of dandruff, let us recommend an effective dandruff hair treatment. However, don’t expect the typical shampooing advice and reviews on products like Head & Shoulders and DHS in this article, as we are going to keep it all natural.

This is because shampooing may be far from an effective or a “complete” solution to the problem. In fact, sometimes, shampooing itself may be a reason for your dandruff, as noted above. And while it may make the dandruff go away for a while, it perhaps won’t be able to do it for long (especially if it’s not supplemented with a specific treatment for dandruff).

Also, many of these shampoos contain a large quantity of chemicals. The problem being: they wreak havoc on the health of your scalp and hair in the long term if you tend to shampoo too often.

With that being said, here’s a look at what seem to be some highly effective natural ways of fighting dandruff.


Aspirin is believed to bring about the same effects as a medicated dandruff shampoo, but without any of the undesirable chemicals. You can simply crush two aspirins and add the powder to the normal amount of shampoo you use.

You can leave it for a couple of minutes before washing your hair. You can do this every time you’re shampooing your hair.

Baking Soda

Is there anything the all-in-one-solution baking soda doesn’t help with? It can turn out to be pretty effective at fighting the itchiness and flaking of your scalp, too. It restricts the growth of the overactive fungi, which is responsible for the dandruff in most cases.

You don’t need any shampoo for this remedy. You simply need to wet your hair and rub a handful of baking soda into your scalp for a few minutes. After that, you only need to use water to wash your hair.

Initially when you start using this remedy, your hair may go a little dry. However, that’s nothing to worry about as after a while your scalp will start producing natural oils, which will make your hair look great and add a natural luster to it.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Some doctors swear by apple cider vinegar for fighting dandruff. Its acidic properties bring about a change in the pH of your scalp, which basically creates an unfavorable environment for yeast’s growth.

This is a pretty simple home remedy as well. You just need to mix a quarter cup of apple cider vinegar with the same amount of water, and spray the mixture on your hair. You need to wrap your hair with a towel for about 15 to 60 minutes after doing this, in order to make it work most effectively.

You can then wash your hair. Doing this remedy twice a week may help you get great results if you’re being troubled by dandruff.

Olive Oil

If dry skin is the reason for your dandruff, then the olive oil treatment may turn out to be your best bet. It’s a natural moisturizer and particularly good at moisturizing the dry areas of your scalp which may be contributing the most to the flaking.

Olive oil also comes with many other benefits for your hair and your scalp. It hydrates your scalp, and gets easily absorbed by the “thick” areas of your scalp, which may be the cause of persistent dandruff issues.

You can massage your hair with 10 drops of olive oil, and leave it overnight. You would need to use a shower cap to wrap your hair.

Finally, you can wash your hair in the morning. However, for this remedy to work more effectively and quickly, you would want to use a natural shampoo containing olive oil.

dandruff hair treatment natural methods

Treating Eyebrow and Facial Hair Dandruff

If you experience seborrheic dermatitis, or dandruff as it’s more commonly known, you know how challenging it can be to deal with. When you think of dandruff most associate it occurring on the scalp, cases of dandruff in the eyebrows and facial hair are also getting increasingly common.

What is Eyebrow and Facial Hair Dandruff?

When those white, flaky bits of skin commonly found on your scalp also appear on your eyebrows, it’s known as eyebrow dandruff. Similarly, dandruff on your beard is commonly referred to as facial hair dandruff, though it may also include dandruff around your nose and ears.

​Usually, eyebrow dandruff is caused by oil glands on the eyebrows, though many other factors, too, may be responsible. But usually, skin areas with a huge accumulation of oil glands are the most prone to dandruff, which is why most men suffer from dandruff on their scalp.

​However, the real reason why dandruff typically occurs on eyebrows, facial hair and even your scalp is linked to a yeast called malassezia. Oil glands can only cause dandruff when they are being used as a feeding ground by this yeast.

​The feeding process leads to skin irritation, which, in turn, causes inflammation of your skin. As a result, your skin starts flaking, leading to an itchy skin with dandruff.

Now that you’re aware of this important information on dandruff, let us cut to the chase and find out how to go about eliminating dandruff located on the eyebrows and facial hair.

Dandruff Hair Treatment Shampoos

No, we are not going to talk about the typical shampoo brands that are advertised all over the TV. Most of them seem to contain harmful chemicals and can barely even make the dandruff go away temporarily.

​However, there are some lesser-known anti-dandruff shampoos that have apparently worked wonders for many when it comes to getting rid of dandruff, be it eyebrow and facial hair dandruff or dandruff on the scalp.

​Basically, you would want to look for shampoos containing selenium sulfide or ketoconazole. Some dermatologists think using these shampoos is the simplest and easiest way to clear up the irritated skin area, which may help stop the flaking pleasantly soon.

​Applying a shampoo with selenium sulfide for eyebrow dandruff treatments has worked very well for some, especially those that have dandruff as a result of a skin condition such as eczema or tinea versicolor.

​However, a small pea-sized amount of ketoconazole shampoo rubbed into the eyebrows seems to be particularly helpful in cases where the individual is dealing with dandruff due to one of the typical causes such as a dry skin or lack of moisturization. In fact, during our research, we have come across people mention that a ketoconazole shampoo helped get rid of their dandruff that they were struggling with for years.

​Similarly, using coal tar shampoos on the eyebrows and facial hair would work great if you’re also experiencing irresistible itching along with heavy flaking.

​You can use these shampoos everywhere you’re experiencing dandruff. However, you would usually only be required to use the shampoo twice a week. Experts recommend applying the shampoo on the affected areas, and then waiting for a few minutes to allow it to soak in before washing it off.

​It’s also very important to not let the shampoo get into your eyes while using it on your eyebrows, as it may end up irritating your eyes. In case it does, you would need to rinse your eyes immediately with clean water.

Also, some of these shampoos may lead to a few side effects such as dry hair, increase in natural hair loss, loss of or change in the natural color of your hair and more. However, most of the time they are nothing to worry about.

​This is because they are usually temporary side effects, and you may even be able to work your way around them once they start appearing. However, these shampoos may not be fit for everyone. For instance, if you’re sensitive to the ingredients in these shampoos or have had allergic reactions to them in the past, you would want to avoid using them.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women, as well as children under two years of age shouldn’t be using these shampoos as well. It may not necessarily result in adverse side effects in breastfeeding women though, but little information is available on exactly how it affects them so avoiding it is preferable to be on the safe side.

Coconut Oil

Now that you’re aware of the typical shampoo treatments for eyebrow and facial hair dandruff (which should be just as effective for scalp dandruff as well), let’s talk about some more natural treatments.

Coconut oil is believed to be a fairly effective dandruff hair treatment as it boasts anti-fungal properties. And as dandruff is usually caused by a type of fungus, it may go a long way in eliminating the fungus, and hence the dandruff.

​In fact, if you want to get quicker results with the shampoos we discussed above, you can massage the dandruff-affected areas with coconut oil before you treat them with the shampoo. It softens the skin and makes the shampoo work more effectively.

If you have been struggling to deal with dandruff from a long time now, you can even consider applying coconut oil to your eyebrows, facial hair and everywhere else you experience dandruff before going to bed or at any other time of the day. Long-term dandruff is often very challenging to get rid of, and using coconut oil to constantly fight the fungus can certainly be very helpful.

Tea Tree Oil Remedy

Tea tree oil seems to be a magic product for everything related to your skin, and flaking is no exception. In fact, when it comes to natural treatments for dandruff, the tea tree oil remedy seems to be a favorite of some dermatologists.

That’s where this dandruff hair treatment comes in, which not only helps get around this problem, but actually also improves the effectiveness of the oil. In order to dilute tea tree oil, you can simply add 10 to 15 drops of the oil to coconut oil, and also include aloe gel and warm water in the mixture.

Adding aloe can work really well, as it too would help sooth your irritated skin as well as reduce the inflammation. You can start treating the affected skin areas with this remedy daily, and once you start seeing some improvement, you can gradually keep increasing the gap between its use until you’re only using it twice a week.

Alternatively, you can also get a tea tree oil product with a concentration between 5 to 20 percent, but going with this remedy would always be a better option.


Although lemons come with a variety of benefits for skin, they are usually not the first choice for many skin issues, perhaps due to their acidic nature. However, if you’re looking to treat excessive flaking and itching, a lemon treatment is probably your best bet.

​And that’s the reason that despite being acidic, lemons are popular as a natural dandruff treatment and many shampoo products, too, contain lemon extracts, which they brag about so proudly in television commercials.

​The thing is, the acidic nature of lemons gives the fungus in your eyebrows or facial hair a hard time. It not only restricts its growth, but also helps clear up the area it may be feeding on.

​This leads to almost immediate relief from dandruff. Furthermore, however, it also prevents the fungus from attacking those skin areas again, which is definitely something worthy of taking into consideration. After all, you would not only want to get rid of the dandruff, but also keep it away for good.

You can apply a few lemon squirts on your eyebrows, and use lemon juice for your facial hair. A few days of doing this may even open up the pores, which may help block the flaking.

Neem Leaves

Neem is one of the most common herbs in India, and has been used there for centuries now for treating a wide range of health problems, especially skin issues.

​Neem is believed to be very beneficial for the skin, and an all-round solution for problems like flaking and dandruff. It contains some oils and acids which help prevent the dead skin cells buildup on your eyebrows and the skin beneath your beard, by getting rid of them before they turn into dandruff.

So while it may not be the best dandruff hair treatment, it would probably do something every bit as helpful, which is preventing further dandruff buildup. What’s more, it would probably also help heal your irritated eyebrow skin, and improve the overall skin health around the areas it’s applied on.

You can simply make a paste by grinding fresh neem leaves and adding some hot water to it. You can then apply it on your eyebrows and facial hair, and rinse those areas after one to two hours.

Types of Medicated Shampoos for Dandruff

The most common method to treat seborrhea is through the use of medicated shampoos. It is convenient, inexpensive, and simple. That’s why we have pulled together 5 of the most common ingredients used in these shampoos. In this article, we will take a look at each, break them down, and give our final recommendations based on the pros and cons that we discover.

Dr. Gary Goldenberg, MD, is a doctor who did clinical testing on patients to optimize courses of treatment for SD. On the issue of recurrence of seborrheic dermatitis, here is a quote from Dr. Goldenberg’s case study.

Now, anyone who suffers from SD will tell you that it is absolutely worth treating. The absence of the ugly red patches, as well as the associated itching, are well worth it. This is simply to inform those of us who do suffer from it that we may have to deal with this illness for a long time to come. That is why we call it a treatment, not a cure.

Our Best Methods

It would be very difficult to run our own study the magnitude of which would allow us to gather the data ourselves. So rather than doing that, we will be using authentic clinical trial case studies from PubMed, analyzing and presenting their results in such a way to enable you to easily pick a medicated shampoo knowing that there is scientific data behind it.

Selenium Sulfide

One of the most common ingredients that you will find in medicated shampoos is selenium sulfide, even found in the recognizable blue bottle of Selsun Blue. This is an anti-yeast medication that is used to treat SD and dandruff (one usually comes with the other). Side effects are dry scalp, hair loss, and hair discoloration. This is a serious side effect to almost anyone and not to be taken lightly. Rarely there have been reports of serious allergic reactions, so be aware of that as well.

Salicylic Acid

Often found in acne treatments, salicylic acid is a medication that is closely related to aspirin. In addition to treating SD as well as warts. Side effects include burning and sometimes skin peeling. Cannot be used by people who are allergic to the class of drugs known as NSAIDs.

Pyrithione Zinc

Written either as pyrithione zinc or as zinc pyrithione, this drug is an antifungal used to treat a wide array of skin conditions such as athlete's foot, ringworm, and seborrheic dermatitis. Even the famous 3M corporation uses it to reduce bacteria in its household kitchen sink sponges.

Most notably found in other medicated shampoos in the aisles is this ingredient in Head & Shoulders. This ingredient works to combat bacteria using zinc. Cannot be used by pregnant or nursing women. Side effects include danger to the eyes (not so good since we’re using shampoo!).


One of the more powerful medicated shampoos contains a medication called ketoconazole. This is one that needs to be used with care. Although safe for the scalp, be absolutely sure to avoid the eyes. Also, it is deemed too strong to be used with the nail fungus, so be careful with this one. Side effects include nausea, headache, visual changes, and mood changes. Although this is primarily for internal use, do not overlook that the skin may absorb the medication when using the medicated shampoos.


Most often used for nail fungus, but sometimes available as a medicated shampoo, Ciclopirox is a drug that stops the growth of fungus. If you haven’t noticed by now, the theme of all of these medications is antifungal or antibacterial concoctions. The generally accepted theory is that an overgrowth of yeast or fungus attributes to the formation of seborrheic dermatitis.

Ciclopirox is another strong medication that must avoid contact with the nose, eyes, mouth, or any other orifices. It’s even flammable!

Okay, So What’s The Deal?

Okay so first we need to explain something. Normally, we would add the data above concerning the efficacy of each medicated shampoos. What we found, however, is that generally speaking, each of the ingredients is fairly interchangeable. Although each will not work for every person, the clinical trials show that each ingredient works about twice as well as the control group who used non-medicated shampoo. The differences only began to really show when it came to side effects.

For example, ketoconazole was compared with both selenium sulfide and a control group. Both ketoconazole and selenium sulfide were about twice as effective as the control group, however not much different than each other. What was different, however, were the complaints about side effects. This clinical study noted that those who tried selenium sulfide shampoo experienced greater issues. In layman's terms, the people preferred ketoconazole.

In one study, Ciclopirox was proven to be superior to placebo compared to ketoconazole. While again found to be nearly identical in effectiveness treating seborrheic dermatitis, this group decided that ketoconazole (which beat selenium sulfide in ratings) was rated lower than ciclopirox in favorability (in terms of smell, side effects, etc.)

While Salicylic Acid was also shown to be effective, the skin peeling and dry scalp are a no-go for many of us.

So Which Medicated Ingredient is Best?

As you can see, the efficacy of each of these medicated shampoos is fairly similar. What it comes down to are the side effects and the favorability of the shampoo. Some cause burning and smell bad, while others smell decent and feel like a regular shampoo. In the end, this will basically come down to personal preference.

​Personally, we would go with Pyrithione Zinc medicated shampoos. For example, this is what Head and Shoulders uses. It is a medicated shampoo that does what it needs to do, while not having the harsh side effects of some medications or the nasty smell of others.

In fact, if you’re a parent, you may have noticed that this is the primary ingredient in your baby’s diaper rash cream. It is used to soothe the skin and associated inflammation, which works well to combat the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis.


As with any medical condition, we urge you to first speak with a certified medical doctor about your condition. We are not doctors, and any advice we give here is subservient to your doctor’s course of treatment.

That being said, we have chosen Head and Shoulders as our favorite medicated shampoo to treat seborrheic dermatitis. Taking advantage of the power of zinc pyrithione and its antibacterial properties, we are able to rid ourselves (temporarily at least) of SD and it’s aggravating symptoms. We can do this while not having our skin peel or using a nasty smelling shampoo by picking up a bottle of Head and Shoulders at any local supermarket.

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