Dandruff In Hair

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Dandruff What Is It?

Dandruff is a common skin infection that occurs on the head. When this happens, a small accumulation of falling skin in the form of flakes occurs. Thankfully, dandruff is not contagious in any way, however, it is a cause of embarrassment for many who pat their hair and subsequently find scales shedding. Also, it may be difficult to treat depending on the extent of the condition and the weather conditions.

On the bright side, dandruff is something that can be managed and treated effectively. With the right choices and effort put in, it is possible to completely get rid of the dandruff. When dandruff occurs mildly, you really don’t need anything more than a good shampoo and a hair cleanser. Even select cases of dandruff that are a little bit stubborn still respond to shampoos. However, it is possible to use medicated shampoos that are formulated with anti-dandruff ingredients.

dandruff winter flakes

Prevent dandruff

Here are a few steps you can take at home to ensure that you reduce the risk of developing dandruff. Take a look at some of these ways which you can tame dandruff:

  • Manage your stress levels: Stress has a way of taking a toll on your health. It shows on your skin, internal organs and even on the work that you perform. When you don’t know how to manage your stress, you are exposing yourself to a number of health conditions. This is usually a trigger factor to dandruff. Try to get as much sleep as possible. It is also important to eat at the right time and not get too consumed with your work. Doing this alone would significantly reduce your risk of getting dandruff.
  • Use a shampoo often: If you notice signs of dandruff or the condition already exists, it’s wise to get into the habit of using a shampoo daily. Depending on the degree of dandruff, you may use a mild shampoo or a medicated one. If you have naturally oily skin, this usually means that your scalp is too. It is therefore necessary to use a shampoo on a daily basis to prevent further spreading.
  • Get some sunlight: Vitamin D does wonders for your skin! Don’t remain cooped up in your house all day. It is good to get a little sunlight when you notice that you are dealing with dandruff. However, remember that overexposure to ultraviolet light increases the chances of skin cancer and other damages, therefore you shouldn’t sunbathe. Spending some time outside on a daily basis is a viable method to help you get rid of dandruff.
  • Try using some alternative medicine: Not everything you use to treat dandruff should be a drug store recommendation. There are a lot of home remedies that have great uses in eliminating dandruff. One natural remedy is tea tree oil. This is oil is generated from the Australian tea tree. It is great at eliminating dandruff because of its antibiotic, antifungal and antiseptic qualities. It is also easily obtainable.

If regular shampoos you are using for dandruff doesn’t work, try using a specialized dandruff shampoo. These shampoos have selenium sulfide, pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid and coal tar in them. They contain antifungal and antibacterial agents that reduce the fungus that causes dandruff on your scalp.

Tar based shampoos help reduce dandruff because they also have antifungal properties. They are very good for treating all forms of dermatitis and skin conditions. Coal tar shampoo reduces the rate at which cells turnover, in turn minimizing scale falloff.

Tackling and managing dandruff

Dandruff causes a noticeable flaking or powder-like substance of the skin on the scalp. It is not transmittable or serious, but it can be problematic to treat.

On the bright side, there are a number of ways if you’re looking for dandruff treatments. Minor cases of dandruff will need nothing more than day-to-day shampooing with a gentle cleanser. More persistent cases of dandruff in hair require specially medicated shampoos.


LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

While you pick out shampoo that goes hand-in-hand with your scalp condition, you can also follow the steps to prevent dandruff:

  • Learn to control tension. Anxiety affects an individual’s overall health, making him or her vulnerable to some diseases and conditions. It can even help activate dandruff or generate current symptoms.
  • Use the Shampoo frequently. If your scalp is oily, using shampoo can get rid of dandruff.
  • Get under the sun. Sunlight can be helpful if you are battling dandruff. Do not sunbathe though because that will cause skin problems because of the ultraviolet light that causes cancer. Use sunscreen all over the body and face, and you do not need to go to the beach for this. Just simply, go out when the sun is up.
  • Alternative medication. Minor studies say that tea tree oil can decrease dandruff, but a lot of explanation is still missing. Historically, tea tree oil was popular as an antiseptic, antifungal and antibiotic agent. It is now an ingredient in many shampoos. Some individuals find out that the oil can cause allergic reactions.

When the shampoo you are using does not eliminate all traces of dandruff in hair, you might have to consider a Rx prescription strength shampoo.  Although, dandruff shampoos are not all the same, you will likely have to experiment until you get one that works well on your scalp and hair.

If you develop stinging, redness itching, or burning from any of the shampoo that is an easy way to tell that it is not for you.  You will need to see a doctor is you have serious allergic reactions such as rash or trouble breathing.
dandruff shampoos

Dandruff shampoos active ingredients

  • Pyrithione zinc shampoos (such as Jason Dandruff Relief 2 in 1 and Head & Shoulders) contain the antifungal and antibacterial agent zinc pyrithione. They are helpful for getting rid of the fungus and seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Tar-based shampoos (for example Neutrogena T/Gel) contain coal tar. Coal tar aids in conditions such as dandruff, psoriasis, and eczema. It decelerates how rapidly skin cells on the scalp die and flake off. Discoloration can happen if you have light-colored hair.
  • Shampoos containing salicylic acid (for example as Neutrogena T/Sal) are scrubs. The “scalp scrubs” help remove scale, but they will not let your scalp dry, leading to more shedding. Using a conditioner after shampooing can reduce dryness and make your hair soft.
  • Selenium sulfide shampoos (for example Selsun Blue) increases the life of skin cells. They also lessen Malassezia. They can discolor light-colored hair particularly blonde. If you are fair-haired, read the instructions.
  • Ketoconazole shampoos (for example Nizoral) are antibacterial. Its antifungal agent works even when other shampoos fail. It is widely available.

There are descriptions of the main components listed on the label. Start by using every day and when you find positive results, reduce the number of twice a week. If you can find one that works for you, use that. If it is losing its effectiveness and dandruff is coming back or increasing again, use another kind. Do not let go of that one. Use both. It is a smart way to use two shampoos together. Use one and the next time use the other. Find out if the shampoo should be on the hair for several minutes or requires instant washing.

If shampoos are not helping at all, contact a dermatologist or doctor. They will prescribe you with a higher strength shampoo that you can’t buy over the counter.

Dandruff or dry scalp

The skin around your scalp tends to get flaky when your scalp is dry. This is one of the major causes of dandruff in hair, or what is known as seborrheic dermatitis. However, in a lot of cases, it may shock you to know that these dry flakes are something entirely different. If this has managed to confuse you, no need to worry. Many of the pictures in the adverts for shampoos aren’t dandruff. What you see just tends to be really dry skin. Whatever the condition may be, dry skin is a problem that needs to be taken care of. The good part is dry skin is pretty straightforward to deal with. First of all, let’s take a look at what actually causes dry scalp.

What are the causes of dry scalp?

Dry scalp is the resultant effect of when your scalp is dehydrated and is in need of any form of moisture. One of the major causes could be the way you are washing your hair. It may not mean that you aren’t washing your hair enough, but that the products you are actually using on your hair are a little bit too harsh, so they are leaving it feeling drier than normal. Here are some of the causes of dry scalp:

  • Washing your hair a little bit too often. This can rid the hair of its natural oils, and will make your scalp a lot drier than normal.
  • Using a shampoo that is too harsh for your hair. This is another way you can strip your hair of its natural oils. Some shampoos have PH levels that are way too high for your skin type.
  • When you use a shampoo that irritates your skin or you are allergic to, it can dry your scalp out. Your skin over exerts itself trying to get rid of the shampoo, and in turn, gets rid of some of the body’s natural oils.
  • Washing your hair with water that is too hot is another way you can provoke dry skin. This can also damage the cells on your scalp, and affect their ability to retain moisture.
  • Using a blow dryer for too long is another way you can cause dry scalp
  • Overusing some hair products can also lead to dry scalp.
  • Others may include; not rinsing your hair well enough, using hair coloring products, and the excessive use of curling irons.
dry scalp problem

What are the symptoms of dry scalp?

The symptoms of dry scalp are pretty easy to decipher. When your scalp is dry, you will notice that it is beginning to feel a little bit itchy and tight. A lot of times, your hair will feel brittle, lifeless and may even start to hurt some times. This may be as a result of a chronic condition known as psoriasis, but in a lot of cases, it simply means that your skin needs a little moisture. When your scalp is dry, you will notice that dandruff may start to develop. The whitish flakes would begin to fall from your hair. Your hair may begin to feel crusty as well.

How do you treat a dry scalp?

It isn't too difficult to treat a dry scalp. However, it is important to note that treating dry scalp is quite different from dealing with dandruff. One of the first things that come with treating dry scalp is that you first have to deal with the source of the problem, which is dehydration. You must therefore drink a lot of water. You should also ensure you aren’t taking scalding hot showers. This has a way of burning up your cells and getting rid of your oil retention properties.

You should try to release all of the cells on your scalp with a mild shampoo. Moisturizing your scalp always works, but you should be wary about putting too much on your hair. Shea butter is a good way to moisturize your scalp in a healthy manner. What also helps is if you are able to make use of the unrefined shea butter because of its natural properties.

Sometimes, a fatty acid diet may help. This means that eating food substances like fish, liver and other foods rich in omega-3 tend to help provide your skin with the moisturization it needs.

These tips should help you get rid of any problems of dry scalp. It is quite useful to remember that treating dry scalp is very different from treating dandruff in hair.

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